Shopping for your first home is an exciting time. You are choosing a place to plant yourself and bloom for many years to come.
However, home shopping is not all fun and games. Not only do you have to find the perfect home, but also the right financing terms for your new mortgage. If you have bad credit, then you are likely worried about your mortgage options.
As a first time home buyer, the process of buying a home can be overwhelming. Before you lose hope, it is entirely possible to secure a home loan with bad credit. Many lenders offer subprime home loans that work specifically with borrowers that have poor credit. We will dive into the details to help you navigate the first time home buying waters more easily.
How Bad Credit Can Affect Your Home Loan
It is important to realize what the cost of your bad credit will mean for you.
Typically, lenders that approve loans to borrowers with bad credit offer less than favorable terms. In most cases, you can expect to pay a higher interest rate.
A slightly higher interest rate might sound like a simple price. However, even a small increase in your interest rate could result in thousands of dollars in interest payments over the course of your loan.
When you sort through your loan offers, make sure to run the numbers. You might not be willing to pay the premium rates for the opportunity to buy a home right now.
Other Factors that Lenders Consider
As a borrower, your credit score is not the only factor that lenders consider. Before a lender approves a large loan, it will look at a variety of other factors including:
- The amount of money in your savings account. If you have a healthy savings account, that may offset your bad credit.
- Income. The higher your income, the more likely you are to be approved.
- Employment history. If you just landed a high paying job, then the lender might be less willing to work with you. However, consistently earning a high income for many years will strengthen your application.
- Debt to income ratio. If you already have a high debt burden, then lenders may be less willing to work with you.
- Current expenses. If your current rent payment is similar to the mortgage payment, then a lender may see that you are able to easily handle that expense.
When you go through the home buying process, expect to provide a lot of paperwork to verify all of this information. In many cases, you will be required to provide tax statements, paychecks, and more. If you stay organized throughout the process, your sanity will thank you later.
How to Secure Home Financing with Bad Credit
If you have bad credit, it is still very possible to secure a home loan. However, you will need to be willing to put in the time. Finding the best option for your situation might take time. Not all options will work for everyone, but it is likely that at least one option will work for everyone.
See Where You Stand
Before you start looking for homes, take a closer look at your financial health.
Start by checking your credit score. A free way to do this is through Credit Karma. Once you know where your credit score is, take the time to find your credit report. Once you have your credit report, read through for any errors. It is possible that a mistake on your credit report is dragging your score down. If you find any mistakes, you can dispute them.
After digging into your credit score, take a step back. Make an assessment of your savings. Have you been able to grow them steadily or are there tumbleweeds blowing through your accounts? Either way, it is important to understand exactly how much you have to spend on a home purchase.
Consider Saving for a Larger Down Payment
One way to secure a loan with more favorable terms with bad credit is to provide a larger down payment. With a larger down payment, you are able to give the lender some reassurance that you are able to repay the loan.
Traditionally, banks required a down payment of at least 20% but there are many options for a lower down payment today. But you can usually secure better terms if you wait until you’ve saved a sizable down payment.
Find A Lender that Will Work with You
Not every lender is willing to work with bad credit borrowers. Although you may not be able to secure a loan from a well-known bank, it is completely possible to find a lender.
If you have bad credit, you’ll need to find a lender that offer subprime home loans or that works with government-backed programs.
Luckily, there are many lenders that are likely willing to work with you. The difficult part can be finding your choices. Check out our favorite mortgage lenders to get started.
Financing Options for First Time Home Buyers with Bad Credit
The federal government offers several assistance programs for buying your first home. Take a minute to find out if you qualify for any of these programs.
If you have bad credit, then an FHA loan might be your best option. The minimum credit score to qualify for an FHA loan is just 500! Of course, some lenders may require a slightly higher score in order to approve you. But you can shop around to find a lender that is willing to work with you.
If your credit score is between 500 and 579, you’ll need to put at least 10%. If you have a credit score of 580 or higher, you’ll only be required to put down 3.5%.
As a first time home buyer with bad credit, the benefits of this program can help your home purchase go smoothly.
If you are willing to live in a rural community, then a USDA loan could be a good option. The loans are guaranteed by the United States Department of Agriculture but you will work with a lender.
In many cases, you will need a score of 640 to score a USDA loan. However, a lower score does not automatically disqualify you.
If you have a lower credit score, then the lender will look more closely at other contributing factors before deciding on your loan application. You may need to prove that your credit was damaged by something outside of your control or provide credit references like utility statements to prove your creditworthiness.
A VA home loan is guaranteed by the Department of Veteran Affairs. If you meet the requirements of service, then you could qualify for a no down payment option to secure the home of your dreams.
In contrast to traditional lenders, the VA home loan program has less strict requirements when it comes to their loans. The goal of the program is to get the bravest in our nation into a safe home. With that, lenders that provide VA backed loans can offer loans to borrowers with lower credit scores.
Almost every member or veteran of the military, reserve, or National Guard is eligible to apply for these loans. The first step you should take is to secure your Certificate of Eligibility. With that, you’ll be able to apply for a VA loan with an approved lender.
Research State Assistance Programs
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development works to provide affordable homeownership options throughout the country. In many states, they offer first time home buyers assistance.
Depending on your area and income, the type of assistance may vary. For example, in some areas, you may qualify for a down payment grant that will help you secure your home purchase. With a higher down payment, you may be able to offset the negative effects of your poor credit score.
Compare Mortgage Rates
Once you have determined the best path for you, it is time to compare lenders. If you take the time to shop around for the best loan terms, you stand to save thousands of dollars over the course of your loan.
Shopping around for the right lender might be the most important part of your entire home buying process. Find a lender that you are comfortable with and that is willing to work with your poor credit score.
Work on Your Credit Score
A surefire way to secure better mortgage terms is to improve your credit score. If you can wait on your home purchase, then you might have a stronger loan application.
Improving your credit score will take time. But if you put in the effort the long-term benefits are worth it. Not only will you be more likely to be approved for loans, but also will likely pay less in interest payments.
To start improving your credit score make sure to pay bills on time and work towards paying off your debt.
Purchasing the home of your dreams with bad credit is not impossible. You will need to put in the time to figure out which path is the right one for you.
Once you see your financial path to your home, make steps towards that goal every single day. Your new home is not as far away as you think!