FHA Loan Requirements for 2023


Are you in the market for a new home but have very little to put down or less than perfect credit? An FHA loan may be worth considering as they have more lax qualification criteria than other mortgage products.

buying a home

However, figuring out if you meet the minimum FHA loan requirements to qualify isn’t always cut and dry. So, we’ve provided the answers to some common questions to help you wade the murky waters.

Minimum Credit Score to Qualify for an FHA Loan

The minimum credit score needed to qualify for an FHA loan is 500. But keep in mind that lenders often require a higher score to underwrite a Federal Housing Administration (FHA) loan, so that number could be a bit higher.

A better idea: aim for at least a 580 or higher so you can reduce your down payment if needed. (More on that shortly.) And remember, the higher your credit score, the better. You don’t need a 750 FICO score to get approved, but a safer bet that will get you through the gates with most lenders is at least 620.

If you aren’t quite there but are eager to buy your first home, you can:

1. Work diligently to improve your credit score.

You can hire a reputable credit repair agency to do the work for you or take a do-it-yourself approach. If you choose the latter:

Most importantly, understand that some lenders may deny your application if you have open but delinquent accounts. This rule also applies to collections and charge-offs, so you want to take care of these even if the collection agency isn’t budging before applying.

2. Shop around to find FHA lenders that will accept a lower credit score.

They’re out there, but the legwork could be a bit more than expected. And don’t be surprised if you’re asked to put down a huge chunk of cash.

Down Payment for an FHA Loan

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), which houses the FHA loan program, is pretty cut and dry on this one. If your credit score is:

  • Between 500 and 579, you’ll need to put 10 percent down.
  • 580 and higher, you only have to put down 3.5 percent.

But keep in mind that you’ll still have to pay mortgage insurance if you put down less than 20 percent. And if you’ll be getting help with the down payment, the lender will also want this in writing, signed and dated by the donor.

FHA Income Requirements

Worried you make too much or too little to qualify for an FHA loan? Don’t be as there aren’t any set amounts, but you will need two active credit accounts to be approved.

The lender will pull your credit report to review your credit history, but be prepared to provide pay stubs W-2 forms, and tax returns from the past two years to prove your income.

In addition, you need a clean track record to qualify for FHA loans. This means that you can’t have any outstanding judgments or debt from the federal government stemming from FHA loans you had in the past. So if this is your first time applying for an FHA-insured property, you have nothing to worry about here.

FHA Debt-to-Income Ratio Requirements

If you’re carrying a heavy debt load, you want to get it to at or below 50% of your income to qualify. But here’s the catch: that amount must include the amount of your new mortgage payment.

To illustrate, let’s say you have the following debt payments each month:

  • Auto loans: $850
  • Credit cards: $400
  • Student loans: $155
  • Personal loan: $255

The new mortgage payment will be $1,500 per month. To qualify, your gross monthly income will need to be at least $6,320.

Quick note: some lenders may require that the debt-to-income ratio be lower, so it’s best to inquire so you know what to expect before applying.

FHA Loan Limits

Assuming you meet the income, debt, and down payment criteria, you can borrow up to $420,680 for a single-family home. However, this number increases to $970,800 if you’re considering an area with a substantially higher cost of living than normal.

Property Criteria for FHA Loans

Even if the property is below the FHA loan limits, that doesn’t necessarily mean it will qualify. For starters, the FHA will order its own appraisal to ensure the property meets its standards and is actually worth what it’s on the market for.

HUD also places restrictions on borrowers to prevent them from engaging in flipping or generating investment income. They do not allow the purchase of investment properties. They also prohibit the purchase of a home that was sold within the last 90 days.

You must also certify that the home is for a primary residence and actually reside in it for the first 60 days.

Is an FHA loan right for you?

It depends on your unique financial situation. An FHA loan may be an option for you if:

  • You’re a first-time home buyer with less than perfect credit.
  • You can’t afford to make a large down payment.

On the other hand, you may want to steer clear if:

  • You’re afraid you won’t meet the qualification criteria in time (but keep in mind that manual underwriting may be a viable option).
  • Your credit score is high enough to qualify for a conventional loan product because you could qualify for lower interest rates.
  • You can afford a higher down payment (which will help you avoid the mortgage insurance premium that will apply for the duration of the loan).
  • You can qualify for a VA loan.

Bottom Line

If you decide to go with an FHA loan product, don’t rush through the process. Instead, save up enough money so you can afford the down payment and still have an ample amount of cash to fall back on should a financial emergency arise.

Furthermore, address any credit issues to give yourself the best chance of qualifying for competitive interest rates that will save you money for years to come.

Allison Martin
Meet the author

Allison Martin is a syndicated financial writer, author, and Certified Financial Education Instructor (CFEI). She has written about personal finance for almost ten years and holds a master's degree in Accounting from the University of South Florida.