If you are a service member or veteran that is interested in buying a home, then you should definitely take advantage of the benefits offered through a VA home loan. Through this program, veterans and their families can afford to purchase a home with the affordable mortgage options offered by the Department of Veteran Affairs.
It is a good option for anyone how qualifies due to the several benefits that are offered. You already served your country, now it is time for the Department of Veteran Affairs help you buy your future home.
Table of Contents
- 1 What is a VA loan?
- 2 Who is eligible for a VA home loan?
- 3 Do VA home loans have occupancy requirements?
- 4 What underwriting requirements are associated with VA loans?
- 5 Are there any fees associated with VA home loans?
- 6 Do VA home loans require private mortgage insurance?
- 7 Is there any assistance for VA borrowers in tough times?
- 8 How to secure a VA home loan
- 9 Can I use the VA loan in other ways?
- 10 Bottom Line
What is a VA loan?
Veterans Affairs home loans, otherwise known as VA home loans, provide several benefits to veterans and service members that are interested in buying a home.
The Department of Veteran Affairs makes it easier for qualifying veterans and service members to secure financing. The VA loan offers a no down payment option which can be a huge factor when it is time to purchase a home.
The loans also have less stringent credit and income requirements attached to their loans. Traditional mortgages usually require high credit and higher incomes. The VA home loan has less rigid requirements because the loan is guaranteed by the Department of Veteran Affairs.
The home loans themselves are made through private lending companies but are all guaranteed by the Department of Veteran Affairs. Due to this guarantee, the loans do not require private mortgage insurance. That is a great benefit because your overall monthly expenses for the home will be lower.
Who is eligible for a VA home loan?
Almost every member, or veteran, of the military, reserve, and National Guard are eligible to apply. Additionally, the spouses for military members that died on active duty or through a service-related injury are eligible for the loan.
For active members of the military, the eligibility starts after approximately 6 months of service. Members of the National Guard and reservists will need to wait 6 years to apply. However, if they are called to active duty prior to the six-year requirement, then they will be eligible after 181 days of service during peacetime or 90 consecutive days of active service during wartime.
Do VA home loans have occupancy requirements?
Yes, VA loans typically require the borrowers to move into their new home within 60 days of purchase. Plus, you must use it as your primary residence.
There are always exceptions to these residency requirements, but circumstances will be evaluated on a case by case basis.
In several situations, spouses or minor children of service members can satisfy the residency requirement.
What underwriting requirements are associated with VA loans?
The Department of Veteran Affairs does not require a minimum credit score in order to secure a VA home loan. However, the loans are given through private lenders, so potential borrowers will need to satisfy the requirements of their lender. Typically, lenders prefer applicants with a credit score of at least 620.
You must prove that you have enough income to pay for the loan. Additionally, lenders prefer that you do not have a heavy load of debt already.
Although there are some requirements, generally VA home loans have fewer requirements than conventional loans.
There are maximums that can limit the amount of the loan. For 2019, the VA has capped its guaranty amount to $484,350 for most loans. There is some flexibility for counties with higher costs of living. In some areas of the country, the limit is $726,525. However, this maximum is something to be aware of if you are planning to purchase a home through a VA home loan in the near future.
Are there any fees associated with VA home loans?
Yes, as with almost everything in the financial world there is a fee associated with VA home loans. The loans require a one-time funding fee that will vary based on the type of service and the amount of the down payment.
Typically, larger down payments lead to lower funding fees.
If you choose to use the VA home loan program a second time without a down payment, then the funding fee will be higher the second time.
Do VA home loans require private mortgage insurance?
No. VA home loans do not require private mortgage insurance. This benefit can provide a huge benefit to borrowers.
Private mortgage insurance can end up costing the borrower thousands of dollars. Through the VA home loan program, you can avoid this entirely.
Remember that you will have to pay a one-time funding fee that will in some ways replace the need for private mortgage insurance. It is still a worthwhile saving to avoid private mortgage insurance entirely.
Is there any assistance for VA borrowers in tough times?
Yes, the VA home loans can help to provide assistance to borrowers that are struggling to pay back their home loans. If a borrower is struggling to make the mortgage payments, then the VA may step in to negotiate for the borrower.
The VA has financial counselors that are able to assist in a renegotiation of payment plans directly with the lenders. These counselors can also help negotiate loan modifications and some alternatives to foreclosure on behalf of the borrower.
Even if you are not a VA home loan recipient, any veteran can call the Department of Veteran Affairs for assistance if they are struggling to repay their home loan. Veterans can call 877-827-3702 for assistance and guidance through rough financial times.
How to secure a VA home loan
Applying for a VA home loan is a two-step process. If you are interested in buying a home through this program in the near future, then you should start the steps as soon as possible. Sometimes it can take some time to make it through the steps, so if you have a purchase date in mind then you should get started as soon as you can.
Apply for VA loan Certificate of Eligibility
The first step is to apply for a Certificate of Eligibility. In order to be eligible, you need to have served for 181 days in peacetime, 90 days in wartime, six years as a reservist or National service-related be a spouse of a service member that died through service related activities.
If you know that you meet one of the requirements, then you can go ahead and apply.
You have three different ways that you can apply for the Certificate of Eligibility (COE). First, you can request a COE through your lender. Some lenders can create your COE in just a few minutes through their database.
Second, you can apply through the VA website. You will need to create an account and find the COE application page.
Finally, you can mail in your application through snail mail. Simply print out the form, mail it in, and include the proof of your eligibility.
What documents are required to secure the Certificate of Eligibility?
You should have your documentation ready when you are applying for COE. It will help to make the process go smoothly. Here’s what you will need to apply:
- DD Form 214 – Veterans and members of the National Guard or Reserve members that were called into active service will need this form to provide eligibility. The form will show your type of service and reason for leaving.
- A current statement of service signed by personnel office or commander of the unit – Active service members and members of the National Guard and Reserve that were not called into active duty will need this form. It should include your Social Security number, date of birth, entry of date of active duty, duration of lost time, your name, and the name of the command that is providing the information.
- NGB Form 22 – This report of separation and a record of service is required for current National Guard and Reserve members that were not called into active service.
- NGB Form 23 – This form provides the Retirement Points Accounting and a proof of the character of service for current members of the National Guard or Reserve that were not called into active duty.
- Latest annual retirement points statement and evidence of honorable service – These forms are required for discharged members of the Selected Reserve that were never in active duty.
- VA form 26-1817 and veteran’s DD214 – If you are a surviving spouse that is receiving Dependency & Indemnity Compensation benefits, then you must provide both forms and both social security numbers on the forms.
- VA for 21-534, DD214, marriage license, and death certificate – If you are a surviving spouse that does not receive Dependency & Indemnity Compensation, then you must provide all of these forms in order to qualify.
Apply for VA home loan
Once you have obtained you COE, then you can apply for a VA home loan. You simply have to find a VA lender and then apply for the VA loan through the lender.
You can find a VA lender through the VA website, your own research, or through word of mouth. Make sure that you find the best offer available to you.
Can I use the VA loan in other ways?
Yes. VA loans are available for other purposes than just a home mortgage. You can also use the loan for the following purposes:
- Adapted housing grants
- Interest rate reduction refinance loan (IRRL)
- Native American Direct Loan program
- Cash-out refinance
If you have the ability to apply for a VA home loan, then the benefits offered will make your effort worthwhile. It is a great program that can help service members to secure affordable home loans.