Why Is Credit Important?

Credit

Some people assume they don’t need to worry about their credit score because they don’t intend to borrow money. Their plan is to live their lives debt-free. It’s certainly possible to get through life without using credit. However, there are many “hidden” areas where credit scores play a dramatic role.

job interview

5 Ways Your Credit Score Can Impact Your Life

To help you understand, “why is credit important?” we’ll show you five ways that your credit score can impact your life. Even if you never plan to open credit card accounts or take out an auto loan or mortgage, here are some things you should know.

1. Your Cell Phone

If you want to have a smartphone, chances are that you’ll need to finance it. With the latest brands costing upwards of $1,000, most people can’t afford to buy the newest gadgets up front.

Instead, they add on a small monthly payment to their service bill each month. Most cell phone companies require a credit check before they extend service, even if you can pay for a phone upfront. If you have poor or no credit history, you might be required to pay a deposit before getting your phone.

Of course, there’s the option to go prepaid, but you usually end up paying more money for less service. You can also try adding a cosigner to your cell phone plan, but just be aware that they’ll be responsible for your bill if you don’t pay.

Another option to avoid making a down payment is to join a family plan since only the primary account holder has to have a strong credit history. Lastly, you could always get a no-contract, pay-as-you-go prepaid cell phone.

2. Your Home

apartment for rent

Renting an apartment on your own is almost impossible if you don’t have some kind of established credit. When you sign a lease, you agree to pay a fixed amount over a period of time. If you fail to pay, the landlord may end up losing a lot of money. This is especially true if your state has a lengthy eviction process.

Your credit score is a reflection of your ability to make timely payments. So, landlords will usually check your credit history as part of the application process.

You may also have to pay an additional security deposit based on your credit score. With a bad credit score, you might end up paying hundreds more. You might also be required to pay both the first and last month’s rent in addition to the security deposit.

There are ways to improve your chances of getting an apartment even with a limited credit history. And it doesn’t have to include paying more money.

If you’ve already rented an apartment before, ask your old landlord for a letter of reference. You could also volunteer to sign a longer lease. This helps your future landlord cut down on vacancies and lost time and money while trying to fill them.

3. Your Utilities

Utilities such as cable, electricity, phone, and water are essentially short-term loans since you use them before you pay them.

Utility companies want to make sure they will be paid. So, they almost always run a credit check when you apply for new service. In fact, not paying your utilities on time can result in damage to your credit scores.

While basic services such as electricity and water usually have to take any customers, they can generally collect a deposit. Customers with good credit may not have to make a deposit. But, those with poor credit often need a deposit worth several months of services.

Utility companies typically use a variant credit score called a Utility Score. You guessed it, it places a greater focus on your history with paying your utilities. So, even if you don’t have a substantial history with traditional credit, you may actually already have entries on your Utility Score.

If it’s your first time signing up, try opening your account with a roommate or other cosigner to help defray potential deposit requirements.

4. Your Insurance

Your insurance company cares about your credit scores for two reasons. First, if you select installment payments, they want to make sure you will pay on time.

More importantly, insurance companies have found over time that those with bad credit are more likely to file a claim. This presents a higher risk to the insurance company.

Bad credit also tends to be correlated with lower income and savings. People with less available cash often file smaller claims that people with more cash available would usually pay out of pocket. Expect a tougher time getting approved and higher rates if you have low credit scores.

Unfortunately, this is true of most types of insurance, including auto, renters, and homeowners. It’s also worth noting that insurance companies keep close track of your claims history as well. The more claims and even inquiries you have on record, the higher premiums you can expect to pay in the future.

5. Employment

In a world where almost everyone has a college degree, credit scores are also increasingly being used to screen job applicants. This practice has been used in the past for sensitive positions related to national security and the financial sector.

However, now you can expect to see credit score reviews in any number of jobs, even if the job is not relevant to national security or finance.

A good credit score is seen as a mark of responsibility, and an indication that you can be relied upon to do your job.

People with poor credit may be seen as potentially having personal stress and distractions that might interfere with their job performance. Regardless of whether either of those is true, employers continue to look at your credit history when making hiring decisions.

If you have a limited credit history, consider writing a letter of explanation if you know your potential employer will be pulling your credit report.

That can help shed light on the fact that your credit is limited by choice, not by poor decision-making. If you do have bad credit, a supplemental letter can still help explain any extenuating circumstances you feel are important.

What Can You Do?

Even if you decide you’d rather pay for everything in cash, there’s no denying that having a good credit score can make your life easier.

In fact, many of life’s necessities take a look at your financial background through a credit check. While you don’t have to go into major debt to raise your credit score, it’s smart to start building a positive credit history as soon as possible.

Even if you currently have credit problems, there are many ways to resolve the problem. Trusted credit repair companies have helped millions of people update and remove negative items directly impacting their credit reports.

Regardless of whether you seek to open credit accounts now or in the future, you owe it to yourself to make sure that your credit is the best it can possibly be.

After all, you now know how much credit can affect your life even beyond loans and charge cards. When you’re ready to make the big leap to financial freedom, we’re here to help you find the right choice.

Lauren Ward
Meet the author

Lauren is a Crediful writer whose aim is to give readers the financial tools they need to reach their own goals in life. She has written on personal finance issues for over six years and holds a Bachelor's degree in Japanese from Georgetown University.